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Preventing and controlling diseases on domestic animals, poultry and fisheries in Dong Nai province in 2020 Update 16-06-2020 02:37
In 2019, Dong Nai has stepped up the prevention and control of diseases on domestic animals, poultry and fisheries in the province, which has contributed to minimizing the impact of diseases on the province’s livestock sector.

Chicken are one of the province’s main domestic animals


* Efforts have been made to prevent diseases


According to the data released by the provincial Statistics Office, in December, 2019 the total number of cattle reached 2.18 million heads, down by 14%. In particular, the total number of pigs was approximately 2 million heads, down by 14.75% over the same period last year. The province’s cow herds in recent years have tended to increase slightly, from nearly 75,000 cows in 2017 to about 86,000 cows. The cow herds increased due to the fact that some enterprises have invested in importing cows and then raising them for beef. The province’s water buffalo herds are relatively small, about 3,770 heads. The number of goats is about 277,000 heads but livestock activities are mainly small-scale, scattered and concentrated in Long Thanh, Trang Bom, Tan Phu, Thong Nhat and Xuan Loc districts.


In terms of raising poultry, the province’s chickens have developed well and major domestic animals with a total number of about 25.65 million heads. Compared to other types of livestock animals, raising chickens has an advantage of economic efficiency due to short cycles, quick multiplying co-efficiency and the fact that some big companies have farmers raise chicken for processing, which facilitates a growing number of chickens. The number of chickens is mainly raised for meat on a farm scale with the varieties of industrial chickens, which are raised for meat and with colored chickens with the rate of using advanced technical varieties in production of above 90%. Other types of chickens are approximately two million ducks, ducklings and geese, which are mainly in the districts of Tan Phu, Xuan Loc, Vinh Cuu and Thong Nhat. The quail population is about 6.8 million heads, which are mainly distributed in Trang Bom, Thong Nhat, Vinh Cuu and Xuan Loc districts.


The area for fishery farming reaches about 32,000 hectares, about 30,000 hectares of which are for freshwater fishery farming and 2,000 hectares of which are for brackish water fishery farming. The total number of cages and rafts is about 1,000, which are concentrated ​​Dong Nai river, Tri An reservoir and Nuoc Lon area in Nhon Trach district.


It is necessary to proactively prevent and control animal diseases


In 2019, African swine fever entered local areas and caused damage to the province’s livestock sector with more than 449,000 culled pigs. Departments, sectors and localities and concerned agencies have focused on and actively taken measures to prevent and control diseases like conducting the culling of sick pigs and those that are suspected of being sick or die with unclear reasons; supporting farmers with losses; setting up temporary quarantine posts to control the transport of pigs and pig products; disinfecting epidemic areas, and areas threatened by or kept under control of the epidemic; and so on. Up to now, 120 out of 137 communes and wards have gone over 30 days without a re-occurrence of the epidemic.


In addition, foot and mouth disease has occurred in 107 households and 1 farm, and the number of pigs that died and were culled hit nearly 2,000. There were 97 pigs with blue ear disease and 56 others were culled. Avian influenza occurred in 7 households and more than 28,000 birds had to be culled.


Implementing epidemic prevention measures, departments, sectors and localities have stepped up their dissemination of propaganda information in various forms, means and contents related to dangerous diseases on animals to raise people’s awareness so that farmers can promptly detect diseases; called for farmers to regularly disinfect their breeding areas and have their animals vaccinated against diseases. Also, farmers mustn’t hide away outbreaks, say not to sales of sick animals and poultry, and never dump the bodies of dead animals and poultry.


In parallel, it is essential to give vaccines too cattle and poultry and establish facilities and disease-free areas. In 2019, 43 farms were granted with “disease-free” certificates. Up to now, the total number of facilities having been recognized to be safe from diseases is 609; 5 districts including Dinh Quan, Vinh Cuu, Long Khanh, Thong Nhat and Trang Bom have been recognized to be an area free of diseases on chickens, bird flu and Newcatsle by the provincial Department of Veterinary.


*Necessary to continue to promote the prevention and control of diseases in livestock activities


The provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development has just issued a plan on how to prevent and control diseases on domestic animals, poultry and fisheries in Dong Nai province in 2020 with the aim of being proactive to prevent and control animal diseases effectively; control and eliminate the disease if it is early detected and in a small area to get ready for responding to and cope with it to minimize the risk of spreading new diseases; ensure production, livestock and fishery farming activities and protect people’s health and the province’s socio-economic development; reduce the spread of pathogens and prevent animals from being infected with pathogenic viruses and outbreaks to contribute to developing livestock activities in a sustainable manner; and prevent diseases effectively, especially making vaccination plans for compulsory diseases on animals effectively.


Department of Agriculture and Rural Development asked localities to proactively design plans and allocate funding in accordance with each locality’s practical conditions; take synchronous measures to prevent and combat diseases; prepare sufficient human resources and equipment that are necessary for the prevention and control of epidemics; and be ready to respond in cases of an occurrence of epidemics.


Also, it is necessary to organize compulsory vaccination programs against diseases on cattle and poultry as required; disseminate propaganda information and prevention and control measures against diseases on domestic animals, poultry and fisheries in order that people can know and voluntarily follow them; develop a disease surveillance system at grassroots to provincial levels and take effective disease treatment measures as required.


For the African swine fever epidemic, localities need to have more directions to strengthen their disease surveillance activities in hamlets for detecting outbreaks early, encircling and settling pig sales, slaughtering and transiting sites; organize the month of cleaning and disinfecting breeding areas, markets, and the sites for slaughtering and trading pig products with powdered lime or chemicals and so on.


According to their functions and tasks, concerned departments, sectors and units are supposed to make their specific plans to organize and coordinate to start plans to prevent and control diseases on domestic animals, poultry and fisheries in 2020 successfully.


Duy Minh (P. Nga)


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