1. GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION
Xuan Thien belongs to far-flung, hard-to-access and
extremely difficult communes. Xuan Thien is located more than 23 km to the
northeast of Thong Nhat district’s center with a total natural land area of
+ Xuan Thien borders Suoi Nho commune, Dinh Quan
district, Dong Nai province to the north;
+ Xuan Thien borders Binh Loc commune and Long Khanh
town to the south;
+ Xuan Thien borders Gia Kiem and Quang Trung
communes in Thong Nhat district, Dong Nai province;
+ Xuan Thien borders Xuan Bac commune, Xuan Loc
district, Dong Nai province to the east.
2. ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT
Xuan Thien commune now has 2 hamlets: Tin Nghia and
Xuan Thien, 2 villages C and Cay Da, 4 - 7 km from the commune’s center.
Xuan Thien has a plain terrain with an average
elevation of about 125-150 m. The soil has an average compressive strength about
1.5 - 1.7 kg/cm2; an average slope of 15%; a relative height of 83 m above the
sea level; and an absolute height of 103 m above the sea level.
Xuan Thien was formed and developed on a basaltic
red soil and its terrain is relatively flat and the undulating terrain is
adjacent to each other. However, in the process of exploitation and use Xuan
Thien can overcome weaknesses related to its terrain and pay attention to
researching favorable soil characteristics to seek for an appropriate
development way for economic sectors.
Xuan Thien is located in a tropical monsoon climate
with 2 seasons: the rainy season from May to November and the sunny season is
from December to April. Xuan Thien has an average temperature of 30 Celsius
degrees, an average annual rainfall that is as high as 2,100 mm, humidity of 85
- 90%, and the highest temperature of 34 - 36 Celsius degrees, and the lowest
temperature of 19 - 20 Celsius degrees.
5. CULTURAL HISTORY
Xuan Thien was Binh Loc commune – Kiem Tan district
– Long Khanh province before 1975. After 1975, most people in Tin Nghia hamlet
were farmers, who entered the new economic zone to reclaim forests and set up
Tin Nghia hamlet. The rest were Quang Trung, Lam Son and Lac Son hamlets.
Particularly, Lac Son hamlet was merged into Gia Kiem commune, which is now
Quang Trung commune, Thong Nhat district - Dong Nai province and 2 hamlets Quang
Trung and Lam Son have been merged into Xuan Thien hamlet so far.
In the period of 1982-1994, Xuan Thien belonged to
Xuan Binh commune, Long Khanh town, Dong Nai province. In April 1994, a new
commune was named after Xuan Thien commune, Long Khanh town, Dong Nai province
and consists of 2 hamlets and an isolated area that is separated from and 4 to 7
km from the commune’s center.
In 2004, Xuan Thien was merged with Thong Nhat
district, Dong Nai province. So far, the administrative area has been located in
the center of Tin Nghia hamlet.
Xuan Thien has a total population of 2,087
households and 10,254 people.
Ethnic minority groups: 391 ethnic minority
household with 1,499 people, 34- Choro ethnic minority households with 1,366
people, 28 Nung ethnic minority households with 142 people, 7 Cham ethnic
minority households with 27 people, 10 Khmer ethnic minority households with 42
people, and 6 ethnic minority households with 20 people, accounting for 18% of
Xuan Thien’s population.
Xuan Thien’s religion: most of its people are mainly
Catholics and Buddhists. There are 47 Catholic households with 5,383 people, 750
Buddhist households with 4,930 people, 1 Protestant household with 4 people, 15
Cao Dai households with 71 people, 7 Muslims households with 27 people. In
general, the commune’s religions operate according to their beliefs and follow