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The 2013 Land Law Meets the Socio-economic Development Requirements in the Nations's Period of Accelerated Industrialization and Modernization Updated12-06-2014 03:55
The 2013 Land Law officially takes effect from July 1 2014. It was well-prepared, based on the results of the implementation of the Land Law 2003 and it fully specifies the viewpoint and the orientation of renewing land policies and laws in the spirit of the 11th Party Central Executive Committee’s Resolution No.19 and reflects the aspirations of the majority of the people.
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One of the new thing in the Land Law 2013 is that, the deadline for households and individuals to hand over agricultural land is now 50 years.

The 2013 Land Law was passed by the National Assembly on November 29 2013, at the 6th session, the 13th tenure. That was an important event marking the renewal of land policies to meet the requirements of socio-economic development in the period of accelerated industrialization and modernization of the country and international integration.

Why is a new land law needed?

Le Viet Hung, Director by the Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DONRE), said that, 10 years after the Land Law 2003 was implemented, there had been positive changes in the nation’s socio-economic growth. However, he said, there were a number of shortcomings, such as: there is overlap and improper things in the law system; there are many shortcomings in the acquisition of land; some land has been recovered to use for investment projects but it is used slowly and wastefully; the problems in compensation and resettlement are one of the key hot issues in many localities, badly affecting land users, investors and local authorities where land is recovered; land prices are improper, not in accordance with the market price; the fact that the price in the land price table is low has brought losses to the state budget as well as brought complaints and disagreement to those whose land is recovered, affecting the progress of site clearance; there are weaknesses in the management of land, for example, the land-use planning fails to meet the socio-economic development requirements and fails to have a good vision for the future; the land-use planning is not consistent with other types of planning, making the management of land run into quite a lot of difficulties; disputes, complaints and  denunciations related to land are complicated and prolonged, mainly involved in the compensation for site clearance (nearly 70 percent of the total number of complaints and denunciations).... Therefore, it is vital for the 2003 Land Law to be amended comprehensively.

A large number of new features in the 2013 Land Law

The 2013 Land Law has 14 chapters with 212 articles, 7 chapters and 66 articles more than the 2003 Land Law. The 2013 Land Law will come into effect from July 1 2014. Compared with the Land Law 2003, the Land Law 2013 has a large number of new features, suitable to the interests of land users and able to improve the management of land. The 2013 Land Law more clearly specifies rights and responsibilities of the.

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Dong Nai Province has recently organized a meeting to promulgate the Land Law 2013 and its guidance documents.

 It also extends the deadline for households and individuals to hand over agricultural land by 50 years to facilitate the acceleration of industrialization and modernization of agriculture and rural areas; has better regulations on land surveys and evaluation; clarifies the relationship between land use planning, land use plans and the planning and plans of each sector and each local authority; enhances land relations according to the market mechanism towards abolishing subsidies in the management and use of land, overcoming the "asking-giving" mechanism in the land use; improves the mechanism that promotes land resources, for example, the state will recover land in accordance with land use planning; better enhances the openness, transparency and democracy in the land use management, to prevent wrong-doings, corruption, waste, complaints and disputes; establishes the equality in the land use access, by, for example, having rights and obligations on land use for both domestic investors and foreign investors to meet the requirements of integration; and better ensure land use rights for vulnerable groups such as women, the poor, and ethnic minorities etc

Thanh Van (Le Van)

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